What Impact Do Pets Have on Mental Health?

Pets have been a part of human society for thousands of years, and their popularity has only increased over time. In many homes, pets are considered a member of the family. They provide us with companionship, love, and unconditional support.
Research has shown that pets can have a significant impact on mental health, improving our mood and reducing symptoms of anxiety, depression, and stress.

Pet Companionship and Connection with Mental Health

One of the primary ways that pets can benefit our mental health is by providing companionship and a sense of connection. People who live alone or are socially isolated can often feel lonely and disconnected from the world around them. Pets provide a constant presence and can serve as a source of comfort and security.

Dogs, for example, are often called “man’s best friend” for their loyal and loving nature. They can be trained to offer emotional support, provide physical contact, and even perform tasks for people with physical or emotional disabilities.

In addition to providing companionship, pets can also help to connect people to others. For example, dog owners often meet and chat with other dog owners at parks, dog-friendly cafes, and other places where pets are welcome. This social interaction can help to reduce feelings of isolation and increase a sense of community.

How Pets Affect Your Health and Happiness?

Below are the ways in which a pet can help you with your health and happiness.

  1. Reducing Stress and Anxiety

Another way that pets can benefit our mental health is by reducing stress and anxiety. Interacting with pets has been shown to lower levels of the stress hormone cortisol and increase levels of the feel-good hormone oxytocin. This can help to reduce feelings of anxiety and promote relaxation.

In fact, a study conducted by the University of Missouri-Columbia found that petting a dog for just 15 minutes can result in a significant decrease in cortisol levels. Another study found that owning a pet can help to reduce the risk of anxiety and depression in children and young adults.

Pets can also help to reduce stress by providing a sense of routine and purpose. Dogs, for example, need to be walked and fed regularly, which can help their owners to establish a daily routine and maintain a sense of structure. This can be particularly beneficial for people with mental health conditions such as depression, where establishing a routine can be difficult.

2. Improved Physical Health

Pets can also have a positive impact on our physical health, which in turn can benefit our mental health. For example, taking a dog for a walk can provide exercise and help to improve cardiovascular health. Regular exercise has been shown to reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression and improve overall mental health.

In addition, pets can help to lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of heart disease. A study published in the American Journal of Cardiology found that pet owners had a lower risk of heart disease and were more likely to survive a heart attack than people who did not own pets.

3. Sense of Purpose and Responsibility

Owning a pet can also provide a sense of purpose and responsibility, which can be particularly beneficial for people with mental health conditions. Caring for a pet requires a daily commitment, which can help to establish a routine and provide a sense of structure.

In addition, pets provide unconditional love and support, which can help to boost self-esteem and confidence. For people with mental health conditions, this can be particularly important, as they may struggle with feelings of low self-worth and self-doubt.

What are the Challenges and Considerations when Dealing with Pets?

While pets can have a positive impact on mental health, it is important to consider the challenges and responsibilities that come with pet ownership. Pets require time, attention, and resources, which may be difficult for some people to provide. In addition, some people may be allergic to pets or may not be able to have pets due to housing or other restrictions.

It is also important to note that not all pets are suitable for emotional support or therapy. While dogs are commonly used as emotional support animals, not all dogs have the temperament or training to serve in this role. Emotional support animals (ESAs) must be well-behaved and well-trained to be able to provide support to their owners. Dogs that have a history of aggression or are not trained to behave appropriately in public may not be suitable as ESAs.


In addition, there are some legal considerations to be aware of when it comes to ESAs. Under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), service animals are permitted in public places and are granted certain legal protections. However, emotional support animals are not considered service animals under the ADA and are not granted the same protections.

To be considered an ESA, a pet must be prescribed by a licensed mental health professional and must be necessary for the person’s mental health treatment. ESAs are allowed in housing that prohibits pets and can accompany their owners on flights. However, they are not allowed in public places where pets are not typically permitted, such as restaurants or grocery stores.


In conclusion, pets can have a significant impact on mental health by providing companionship, reducing stress and anxiety, improving physical health, and providing a sense of purpose and responsibility. However, it is important to consider the challenges and responsibilities that come with pet ownership and to ensure that pets are well-trained and well-suited to provide emotional support.

For people with mental health conditions, owning a pet can be a valuable part of their treatment plan. However, pets are not a substitute for professional mental health care, and individuals should always consult with a licensed mental health professional for the best course of treatment.

With proper care and attention, pets can provide a lifetime of love and support for their owners, improving their mental health and overall well-being.